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European Court Statistics 2020 and Notes for Armenia

Today, the President of the European Court of Human Rights, Robert Spano, in a press conference, presented the work of the European Court in 2020 and its Annual Report and annual statistics for 2020.

Notes for ARMENIA

Statistics: allocated, decided and pending applications

  • 41,700 applications were allocated to a judicial formation in 2020, compared to 44,500 in 2019, a decrease of 6% (p. 155)

For Armenia, 213 new applications were allocated to a judicial formation, a 40% increase from 148 in 2019 (p. 160).

  • The states with the highest number of applications allocated to a judicial formation in proportion to population size (not including micro-states) were:
    1. Montenegro (3.50 applications per 10,000 population)
    2. Serbia (2.65)
    3. Bosnia and Herzegovina (2.49)
    4. Latvia (2.17)
    5. Romania (1.55) 

This indicator for Armenia was 0.72 applications per 10,000 population, higher than the European average of 0.5.

  • 7,681 applications were formally communicated to member states in 2020, compared to 6,442 in 2019, an increase of 19% 

For Armenia, 38 applications were communicated to the authorities in 2020, as compared to 63 in 2019.

  • The ECHR decided a total of 39,190 applications in 2020, compared to 40,667 in 2019, a decrease of 4%.
  • Of the 39,190 applications decided in 2020, 1,901 (4.85%) were decided by a judgment and 37,289 (95.15%) were declared inadmissible or struck out.

For Armenia, the European Court has delivered judgments on 15 applications in 2020, as compared to 20 applications in 2019.

  • There were 62,000 applications pending on 31/12/20, compared to 59,800 on 01/01/20, an increase of 4%. (p. 156)
  • The ten states with the highest number of cases pending were Russia (13,645), Turkey (11,750), Ukraine (10,408), Romania (7,561) and Italy (3,469), followed by Azerbaijan (2,040), Serbia (1,755), Armenia (1,407), Poland (1,156) and the Republic of Moldova (1,054). The other 37 member states combined accounted for around 7,800 pending cases [p158]

Violations by subject matter and by country (pp. 162-163)

  • In total, the ECHR delivered 871 judgments in 2020; of those, 762 (87.49%) found at least one violation of the convention and 84 (9.64%) found no violation
  • The states with the highest number of judgments finding at least one violation in 2020 were:
    1. Russia (173 judgments)
    2. Turkey (85)
    3. Ukraine (82)
    4. Romania (64)
    5. Azerbaijan (37)
    6. Bulgaria (35)

The Court has delivered 14 judgments against Armenia in 2020, in all of them at least one violation was found. This is a decrease from 18 such judgments in 2019.

  • The articles of the convention giving rise to the most violations were those concerning the right to a fair trial (287), the right to liberty and security (208), the prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment (194), the protection of property (122), the right to life and the right to an effective remedy (both 85); other articles accounted for 286 violations [p. 159].

For Armenia, the right that was found violated the most was the right to liberty and security (11 judgments).

Violations by article and state, 1959-2020 [p164-165]

  • In total, the ECHR delivered 23,406 judgments between 1959 and 2020; of those, 19,739 (84.3%) found at least one violation of the convention and 1,893 (8.01%) found no violation
  • The states with the highest number of judgments finding at least one violation between 1959 and 2020 were:
    1. Turkey (3,309)
    2. Russia (2,724).
    3. Italy (1,857)
    4. Ukraine (1,465)
    5. Romania (1,393)

For Armenia, 126 judgments finding at least one violation were delivered from 1959 to 2020. The right to liberty and security was violated the most (in 48 judgments).

  • The issues giving rise to the most violations between 1959 and 2020 were:
    1. Length of proceedings (5,950)
    2. Right to a fair trial (5,276)
    3. Right to liberty and security (4,190)
    4. Protection of property (3,592)
    5. Right to an effective remedy (2,719)

Links: Webcast of the press conference by the Court’s President Robert Spano on 28 January 2021, Speech by President Robert Spano - Annual Report 2020 - Analysis of statistics 2020 - Violations by Article and by State 2020 - More statistics

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